Greenland Halibut

Greenland Halibut

Northeast Arctic Greenland halibut is a deepwater fish that thrives in cold water temperatures. It is a good source of omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin D. Available during spring and summer, as a fat fish it is always smoked or salted, and is ideally served with white sauce and boiled vegetables.

Area

Norway´s stocks of Greenland Halibut can be found along the edge of the UK sector of Franz Josef Land, as well as in deeper areas of the Barents Sea.

Maximum size

Up to 1,2 metres and 20 kilos

Some alternative names

Latin: Reinhardtius hippoglossoides

English: Greenland halibut

French: Flétan noir

German: Schwartzer Heilbutt

Nutritional value in 100 g raw Greenland halibut (edible part)

Energy: 645788 kJ or 155189 kcal

 

Nutrients:

Protein: 147,6 g

Fat: 113,2 g

Saturated fatty acids: 1.72 g

Trans fatty acids: 0 g

Monounsaturated fatty acids: 6,97,7 g

Polyunsaturated fatty acids: 1,2 g

Cholesterol: 7440 mg

 

Carbohydrates, in total: 0 g

Vitamins:

Vitamin A: 105RAEµg

Vitamin D: 9,111,4 µg

Riboflavin: 0,068 mg

Foliate: 512 µg

Vitamin B12: 0,71 µg

Minerals:

Iron: 0,1 mg

Selenium: 6020 µg

Northeast Arctic Greenland halibut is an Arctic fish that lives in waters colder than four degrees. , such as the Arctic and boreal waters of the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean. The main spawning areas are from the edge of the Lofoten archipelago to Spitsbergenat is the upper edge of the continental shelf near Bear Island, in depths between 500 and 800 metres. Winter is the  and the spawning seasontime is winter, when eggs and larvae are carried across a large drift over a large area by the with the currents. Towards the end of the summer, young Greenland halibut settle into the bottom sediments where they it stays for 3-4 years. As ithey t matures, they migrate it movestowards the edge of the continental shelf and into deeper parts of the Barents Sea. The Greenland Halibut can live for more than 30 years.

Wild catch

Northeast Arctic Greenland halibut is caught on the edge of the continental shelf by the Prins Karls Forland Island in Svalbard, with bottom trawl, long-line and gillnet. Fishing is restricted to allow stocks to remain at optimum levels.in an attempt to increase the stock.

Products

Northeast Artic Green halibut is sold in the following formsas following products:

  • Smoked
  • Salted
  • As fillets

Diet

Shrimp, capelin, polar cod, and fish waste.

Nutrition

Northeast Arctic Greenland halibut is especially rich in:

  • Protein that builds and maintains every cell in the body.
  • Marine omega-3 fatty acids that prevent and reduce the development of cardiovascular diseases, and are important building blocks in the brain.
  • Vitamin D, necessary to balance calcium in the body, which maintains and strengthens the bones.
  • Selenium, an important element in an enzyme that fights harmful chemical processes in the body.

More nutritional data can be found at www.nifes.no/en/prosjekt/seafood-data